The Basics of Strabismus in Babies

Strabimsus in babies is a plausible condition because genetics can be a factor in this type of eye problem. If your family has a known record of having this condition, you must stay prepared for the worst and have your infant treated right away, which is recommended as the eyes are very amenable to treatment at this point. Here are a some facts that you may find useful when dealing with strabismus in babies.

The first thing that you need to know about strabismus in babies is that it is normal for infants below three months old to have wandering eyes or become crossed occasionally.

This is due to the fact that the child is still not familiar on how to properly use his or her eyes simultaneously. An alternative explanation could be that the baby is just tired. Thus you need not to panic if you see your baby squint his or her eyes. However, if it occurs more regularly especially if the baby is more than 3 months old already, then it is recommended that you consult an eye doctor right away.

Strabismus in babies must be taken care of right away as it may bring about an eye condition known as amblyopia or lazy eye. Individuals with strabismus are not able to utilize both their eyes at the same time. Because of this, their brain may disregard the image from one eye and cause the lazy eye condition. This is not recommended as utilizing only one eye greatly diminishes the field of vision and cause problems in depth perception.

Strabismus in babies is treated in a variety of ways. The eye specialist may advise corrective lenses to help correct the eye vision. Lazy eye that is brought about by strabismus can be cured with a corrective eye patch. The patch hides the good eye which makes the lazy eye do all the work and hopefully it will correct itself in the process. If these approaches are unsuccessful, then surgery or a series of it may be the only treatment that is feasible. While the brain is responsible for the lack of coordination of the eyes, the surgery only involves the fixing of the eye muscles therefore there is still a possibility that it may not work.

All You Need To Know About Strabismus

Do you know anything about strabismus? A lot of people are unfamiliar with it is actually an eye condition that is marked by eyes that are not correctly aligned with each other. It is also known as squint, walleye, or crossed-eyes. In this condition, the eyes cannot look at the same point at the same time. Continue reading if you want to find out more about strabismus.

The thing about strabismus is that it comes about when the muscles that are fixed to the eyes are not synchronized, thus the eyes are not able to move together in the same direction concurrently. So with this circumstance, the person who has strabismus are not able to align his or her eyes at all. Because of this, one or even both eyes may rotate down, up, in , or out. The turning of the eye varies as it could be constantly turning, or it could be triggered by sickness or stress only making it intermittent.

One more thing that you have to learn about strabismus is its symptoms. You can easily identify a person with strabismus if he or she cannot look at the same area in a space simultaneously. Further subtle symptoms of this conditions are closing of the eyes in bright sunlight, and twisting of the head to look at an object. Meanwhile, children with strabismus may also experience sensitivity to light, tired eyes, and blurred vision. Also, people may undergo double vision when they first have it. The thing about strabismus is that it involves the extraocular muscles which is important in binocular vision. Due to this, people who have it have difficulties perceiving depth.

What is fortunate about strabismus is that there are several treatment options for this condition. This includes the use of glasses, patches, medicines, and also surgery. Children who have this condition can outgrow it when they are around 10 years old if they have been treated with glasses or eye patches. On the other hand for the surgery, Botox can be employed to paralyze the stronger muscle, for cosmetic purposes.

All About Symptoms of Strabismus

The symptoms of strabismus are somehow clear-cut and you can ordinarily tell is a person has it by just observing their eyes. The condition is also called wall eye, cock eye, boss eye, crossed eye, lazy eye, and squint. It is marked by eyes that are not correctly aligned with each other, because of lack of coordination of the extraocular muscles that manipulates the movement of the eye. Here are the symptoms of strabismus that can help you diagnose if a person has the condition.

One of the symptoms of strabismus is that the eyes are incapable of looking in the same direction simultaneously. This is probably due to the fact that the extraocular muscles are weak hence incapable of coordinating the movement of the eyes. This can lead to difficulties in using binocular vision which is essential because it provides a wider field of view and is utilized in depth perception.

One more symptoms of strabismus is that the eyes are not able to move together. The direction of the eyes is based on the type of strabismus that the person has. Estropia also known as crossed eyes is the most typical type wherein one eye turns inward. One more kind is exotropia or walleye wherein one eye turns outwards towards the temple. There is also the uncommon forms hypertropia or vertical deviation wherein the eye turns upward towards the eyebrow, or hypotropia wherein the eye turns downward.

Because of the impaired vision that is due to lack of binocular vision, the other symptoms of strabismus include closing one eye in the bright sunlight, tilting of the head to look in an object, and bumping into things.

People afflicted with strabismus are incapable of using both their eyes concurrently so they have to close their eyes. They also are incapable of judging the depth of an object visuall and that is why they have to tilt their heads to do so. And they also have difficulties calculating the distance of an object therefore they keep bumping into objects.

In addition, the other symptoms of strabismus are sensitivity to light, blurred vision, and double vision.

All About Strabismus: Is Strabismus Hereditary?

If you know that a family member or a relative that has congenital strabismus, then one of the questions that you may want to know more about your child may be this: is strabismus hereditary? You may have probably come across in your research that genetics could be a factor in the development of strabismus. That’s why a few children are born with strabismus. Strabismus is hereditary but it doesn’t mean that you cannot do anything about it. If you are concerned whether your infant has strabismus, here are some highly-recommended measures.

Strabismus is a unique condition wherein you can easily discern if an individual has it by just looking at his or her eyes. And because strabismus is hereditary, you may inspect the eyes of your newborn baby for early signs of squinting. In a few cases, the baby may be exhibiting consistent or extreme eye turning even if he or she is still not yet a year old. When this occurs, you should immediately consult an eye specialist and have the eyes of your child examined so that you can get a professional diagnosis and know what the options for treatment are.

If you do not notice these early signs of strabismus in your child, you must still be prepared since there is still a possibility for it to develop. Once more, strabismus is hereditary and if there is a family member that has it, then you need to have the eyes of your baby examined by a professional when he or she is already 9 months old. This is because it is during this stage that the binocular vision system is already at place. Strabismus severely affects the binocular vision of an individual and therefore it is during this age that the eye specialist can make a more accurate diagnosis of the eye condition of your child.

Additionally, you can also know if your baby has strabismus if he or she is acting particular behavior that indicates eye vision problems. For instance, the tilting of the head when looking at something, closing of one eye in bright sunlight, bumping into things, and sensitivity to light. The good news is that while strabismus is hereditary, it can be taken care of at an early age if identified and treated without delay.

All About Strabismus Causes

To learn what causes strabismus, it is necessary to know about the different forms of strabismus. Essentially the strabismus causes may be because of issues in the eye muscles power like paralysis or unequal pulling of muscles on one side of the eye, or because of a brain problem that hinders the coordination of the eyes.

First, it is still unknown what causes strabismus in children. However, there has been evidence that it is a hereditary condition as it has been observed to run in families. As a result, someone whose family have a known record of strabismus among members have an increased possibility of having an offspring with the condition as well.

One more possible strabismus causes is that it is probably a coping mechanism of the eye for another eye condition like farsightedness. Far sighted individuals are not able to correctly perceive near objects which makes the eyes turn inwards.

Intermittent strabismus is a kind of strabismus wherein the eye does not turn constantly, as it only does during stressful situations or because of sickness. The strabismus causes for this kind of condition is a vision issue called convergence insufficiency. It is an ordinary condition that may also cause headaches, double vision, blurred vision, and eyestrain.

Meanwhile, adults may have strabismus because of eye or blood vessel damage. This may be a result of other conditions like blindness, Graves’ disease, stroke, cataract, and other muscle and nerve disorders. Blindness usually makes the eye gradually turn outward and be a reason for strabismus, no matter what caused the loss of vision. Diabetes could also cause strabismus among individuals. This is due to the lessened blood supply to the eye muscles, leading to the squinting of the eyes.

Additionally, some neurological conditions can also become strabismus causes. Examples of this are brain tumors, premature birth, Down’s syndrome, hydrocephalus, and Cerebral Palsy. In addition, acquired or adult strabismus may also be a result of untreated or unsuccessfully treated childhood strabismus.

A Guide to the Treatment For Strabismus

The treatment for strabismus seeks to achieve three main aims. First is to retain proper eye vision, since it becomes impaired when the eyes are not able to focus on a single spot. The second aim of the treatment is for cosmetic reasons, since strabismus makes the eye turn involuntarily which is not exactly a sight to look at. The third aim of treatment of strabismus is to preserve the binocular vision, or the simultaneous use of both eyes, as the condition can cause double vision among those who have it. The treatment for strabismus are dependent on the form of condition.

The first option for treatment of strabismus is the non-invasive procedures. This entails the use of corrective eye patches as well as eyeglasses.

Eyeglasses can aid in treating strabismus as it makes the eye muscles of the patient develop. Meanwhile the eye patch covers the good eye, which as a result makes the lazy eye to work harder and become stronger, which will eventually fix itself in the process. However, this kind of treatment can only be effective on low-grade strabismus, or congenital strabismus.

One more choice for the treatment for strabismus is surgery that is complemented with orthoptics or vision therapy. The surgery involves cutting into the tissue covering of the eye so that the underlying eye muscles can be accessed. The eye muscles are then fine tuned based on the direction of the turning of the eye. There are instances when both eyes have to be operated.

Following surgery, vision therapy or orthoptics is employed to complete the treatment. Although the eyes may look corrected after the operation, the patient still has to figure out how to use both eyes at the same time, so that the surgery isn’t just a cosmetic enhancement. Apart from the eye muscle strength, neurological control is also important to change the nervous system too, thus providing a lasting cure. Vision therapy typically involves the use of various optical devices like specialized computers, as well as therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters.

A Guide To Strabismus Vision Therapy

Strabismus vision therapy is a treatment procedure that people with strabismus can take, most especially children with congenital strabismus. It is a program that uses visual activities that are particularly designed to fix vision problems and improve visual skills. The objective of strabismus vision therapy is not only to compensate for vision issues like the function of corrective glasses and lenses, but it also aims to train the who visual system, including the eyes and the brain, to fix itself. As such, strabismus vision therapy is sometimes prescribed to a patient before and after eye surgery to attain a more complete cure.

People affected with strabismus will have difficulties with their binocular vision as their misaligned eyes cause them to be not able to use them both concurrently.

There are instances when contact lenses, eyeglasses, and even surgery is unable to restore binocular vision and therefore this is where strabismus vision therapy can become some kind of last resort. Strabismus vision therapy utilizes a lot of devices in order to achieve its goal and some of them are computerized visual activities, non-computerized viewing instruments, filters, prisms, and lenses. It may also use other non-medical things such as metronomes, balance boards, balls, and other devices in the personalized therapy program.

Strabismus vision therapy is also known as orthoptics, vision training, visual training, visual therapy, or simply VT. They are usually done by optometrists. There are also optometrists whose specializations are children’s vision and vision development, and they are also called developmental optometrists, pediatric optometrists, or behavioral optometrists.

The science behind strabismus vision therapy can be explained in the concept of neuroplasticity. It refers to the ability of the human brain to modify its structure and function as a response to an external stimulus. The newest studies have found that these neurological modifications can also be achieved among adults and not just children. With these information in mind, strabismus vision therapy can help in treating conditions that are interrelated with vision function, visual perception, and vision development. Besides strabismus, the other vision problems that can be corrected with vision therapy are eye movement disorders, amblyopia, focusing disorders, vision problems resulting form developmental disabilities, vision problems resulting from acquired brain injury like stroke, and visual-perceptual disorders.

A Guide To Strabismus Surgery in Adults

Strabismus surgery in adults is possibly the most realistic treatment option for individuals with adult strabismus since corrective lenses and eye patches lose their effectiveness with age. An adult may acquire strabismus if the condition was left untreated or treated unsuccessfully in childhood, or after having specific illness or injury. Apart from affecting the binocular vision of the person, strabismus in adults can also lead to double visions because the brain is unable to disregard the image from the one eye anymore. Here are some important things that you need to know about strabismus surgery in adults.

There are a few benefits of strabismus surgery in adults. Eye muscle surgery is more or less effective, safe, and most importantly, proven remedy for strabismus in adults for all ages. Even if you are too old, you can still take advantage of strabismus surgery and it would still work. One more benefit of strabismus surgery in adults is that it fixes uneven eyes thus improving your appearance, and bring back binocular vision which will enlarge your field of vision as well as recover a proper depth perception. This can greatly influence you self-confidence and how you interact with other people as well.

One more thing that you have to know about strabismus surgery in adults is that it is included in your health insurance. Strabismus is a valid medical condition that brings functional disability on people affected by it. Thus if you have a health insurance, you don’t have to be concerned about the payment for the treatment as it is already covered. Just make sure that you contact your insurance agency as well as the eye clinic where you want to have your eye surgery before undergoing the procedure to straighten out the details first.

Last but not the least, the procedure of strabismus surgery in adults is carried out under anesthesia so it is painless, and you can also opt to have it done while you are awake. The procedure takes only one day and you’ll only be required to stay for a few hours in the hospital. You may return to your normal everyday activities after just some days of rest after the opertationn.

A Guide to Strabismus in Children

Genetics plays a key role in the development of strabismus and therefore there are a lot of cases of strabismus in children. That is why strabismus in children is a very significant health issue. Unfortunately a few people think that children will grow out of it eventually and do not do anything to help their children. The truth is strabismus in children can be cured as early as ten years old as long as the child wears corrective lenses and eye patches. Here are some practical information about strabismus in children that you may find helpful.

If you identified early signs of strabismus in children on your baby, it is best that you have your child have his or her first eye exam when he or she is already 9 months old.

This is the ideal age as during this the time, the binocular vision system is already working. This entails the eye muscle coordination, the ability to see 20/20, and the focusing ability. Hence it is the best time to have the eyes of your kid examined for such eye problems. Furthermore, the eye at this stage is very receptive to treatments. However, if your baby is not yet 9 months old but is already exhibiting extreme or constant eye turns, then do not hesitate to have his or her eye examined earlier.

A few examples of strabismus in children are infantile estropia and accommodative estropia. Infantile estropia refers to the consistent inward turning of the eyes which occurs before 6 months of age. In contrast, accommodative estropia is the condition characterized by the inward turning of the eyes that happens between the age of 6 months and 7 years old.

The remedy for strabismus in children is dependent on the case. One of the most usual treatment procedures that are employed is the prescribing of eyeglasses. It serves to remove the turning of the eyes as well as the optical difference between the two eyes. Another treatment method for strabismus in children is the use of eye patch. The eye patch serves to stimulate the lazy eye, and therefore preventing double vision.

A Guide About Surgery For Strabismus

Strabismus surgery is one of the treatment options that people afflicted with the condition can take. The operation is done on the extraocular muscles of the eyes to correct the unevenness. In surgery for strabismus, the eye muscles are adjusted to make them stronger, enhancing the patient’s vision and also the appearance of the eyes.

There are four kinds of surgery for strabismus procedures that can be done on the eye. The forst form is the loosening or the weakening procedures which includes recession, or moving the insertion of a muscle posteriorly towards its origin, tenectomy, tenomy, myectomy, and myotomy. The second type of procedure is the tightening or the strengthening procedures which involves tucking or the advancement of the eye muscle to a more forward position, and resection or the removing of a portion of the muscle and reattaching it to another part. One more type of procedure is the repositioning or transposition procedures. Lastly, there is also the adjustable suture surgery that allows for the shortening or lengthening of the extraocular muscle after the operation for a more accurate eye alignment.

The surgery for strabismus is a one day process only and the patient is required to stay in the hospital for only a few hours. Subsequent the surgery, it is typical for the eyes of the patient to be sore and red due to the spots of blood in the surgical area. The side effects will disappear in just two to three weeks and the patient can go back to his or her usual day-to-day activities in just a few days.

If your eye doctor advises that you have a surgery for strabismus, it is essential that you ask about to what extent will the operation make your eyes look better and work better. Remember that the two main functions of surgery for strabismus are to provide you cosmetic cure and binocular cure. There are even times when you might be required to undergo more than one surgery in order to fulfill these two functions, so remember to ask the expected number of surgeries. Additionally, do not forget that surgery for strabismus will not alter the brain which is in charge of controlling and directing the eye muscles and the eyes. In order to attain the best eye cision, you may have to add vision therapy to your treatment.