Strabismus vision therapy is one of the treatment alternatives that people who have strabismus can take, particularly those who are born with it. It is a program that uses visual activities that are particularly designed to fix vision problems and improve visual skills. Strabismus vision therapy does not only aim to compensate for vision problems like what eyeglasses and contact lenses does, but it also seeks to train the whole visual system which includes both the eyes and the brain to correct itself. Hence, strabismus vision therapy is recommended to patients before and after an eye surgery.
Individuals with strabismus will have issues in their binocular vision as their uneven eyes makes them incapable of using them both at the same time.
Sometimes eyeglasses, contact lenses, and even surgery is not enough for people to regain their use of binocular vision and this is where strabismus vision therapy becomes helpful. Strabismus vision therapy makes use of various devices in order to attain its objectives and this includes lenses, prisms, filters, computerized visual activities, and non-computerized viewing instruments. It may also utilize other non-medical objects like balance boards, ball, metronomes, and other devices in a specially-designed therapy program.
Strabismus vision therapy is also known as orthoptics, vision training, visual training, visual therapy, or simply VT. They are generally supervised by optometrists, There are even optometrists who specialize in childrenâ€™s vision as well as vision development and they are known as pediatric optometrists, behavioral optometrists, or developmental optometrists.
The idea behind strabismus vision therapy can be elaborated by the concept of neuroplasticity. It means that the brain has the capability to change its structure and function as a result of an external stimulus. Recent studies have shown that these neurological changes are also possible in adults as well and not just among developing children. Considering these information, strabismus vision therapy can assist in fixing conditions that are related to visual perception, vision function, and vision development. Besides strabismus, the other vision problems that can be corrected with vision therapy are eye movement disorders, amblyopia, focusing disorders, vision problems resulting form developmental disabilities, vision problems resulting from acquired brain injury like stroke, and visual-perceptual disorders.