The treatment for strabismus is composed of three main goals. First is to retain proper eye vision, since it becomes impaired when the eyes are not able to focus on a single spot. The second purpose of the treatment is for cosmetic purposes, as strabismus makes the eye squint, or turn involuntarily, causing an unsightly appearance. The third objective of treatment of strabismus is to reacquire binocular vision, or the simultaneous usage of both eyes, because the condition can be a reason for double vision. The treatment for strabismus differs based on the kind of condition.
The first option for the treatment of strabismus is the minimally invasive procedures. This involves the use of eyeglasses and corrective eye patches.
Eyeglasses can assist in treating strabismus as it promotes the development of the eye muscles. Meanwhile the eye patch covers the good eye, which as a result makes the lazy eye to work harder and become stronger, which will eventually fix itself in the process. Unfortunately, this form of treatment is only helpful on low-grade strabismus, or those that children have.
Another option for the treatment for strabismus is surgery that is usually combined with orthoptics or vision therapy. The surgery entails doing a small incision on the tissue covering of the eye, so that the hidden eye muscles may be accessed. The eye muscles are then tweaked depending on the direction of the turning eye. Sometimes, both eyes have to be operated.
Subsequent to surgery, vision therapy or orthoptics is utilized to complement the procedure. Although the eyes may look corrected after the operation, the patient still has to figure out how to use both eyes at the same time, so that the surgery isnâ€™t just a cosmetic enhancement. Besides eye muscle strength, neurological control is also essential to alter the nervous system too, hence giving a holistic solution to strabismus. Vision therapy typically involves the use of various optical devices like specialized computers, as well as therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters.