The treatment for strabismus seeks to achieve three main aims. First is to retain proper eye vision, since it becomes impaired when the eyes are not able to focus on a single spot. The second aim of the treatment is for cosmetic reasons, since strabismus makes the eye turn involuntarily which is not exactly a sight to look at. The third aim of treatment of strabismus is to preserve the binocular vision, or the simultaneous use of both eyes, as the condition can cause double vision among those who have it. The treatment for strabismus are dependent on the form of condition.
The first option for treatment of strabismus is the non-invasive procedures. This entails the use of corrective eye patches as well as eyeglasses.
Eyeglasses can aid in treating strabismus as it makes the eye muscles of the patient develop. Meanwhile the eye patch covers the good eye, which as a result makes the lazy eye to work harder and become stronger, which will eventually fix itself in the process. However, this kind of treatment can only be effective on low-grade strabismus, or congenital strabismus.
One more choice for the treatment for strabismus is surgery that is complemented with orthoptics or vision therapy. The surgery involves cutting into the tissue covering of the eye so that the underlying eye muscles can be accessed. The eye muscles are then fine tuned based on the direction of the turning of the eye. There are instances when both eyes have to be operated.
Following surgery, vision therapy or orthoptics is employed to complete the treatment. Although the eyes may look corrected after the operation, the patient still has to figure out how to use both eyes at the same time, so that the surgery isnâ€™t just a cosmetic enhancement. Apart from the eye muscle strength, neurological control is also important to change the nervous system too, thus providing a lasting cure. Vision therapy typically involves the use of various optical devices like specialized computers, as well as therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters.