Strabismus vision therapy is a treatment procedure that people with strabismus can take, most especially children with congenital strabismus. It is a program that uses visual activities that are particularly designed to fix vision problems and improve visual skills. The objective of strabismus vision therapy is not only to compensate for vision issues like the function of corrective glasses and lenses, but it also aims to train the who visual system, including the eyes and the brain, to fix itself. As such, strabismus vision therapy is sometimes prescribed to a patient before and after eye surgery to attain a more complete cure.
People affected with strabismus will have difficulties with their binocular vision as their misaligned eyes cause them to be not able to use them both concurrently.
There are instances when contact lenses, eyeglasses, and even surgery is unable to restore binocular vision and therefore this is where strabismus vision therapy can become some kind of last resort. Strabismus vision therapy utilizes a lot of devices in order to achieve its goal and some of them are computerized visual activities, non-computerized viewing instruments, filters, prisms, and lenses. It may also use other non-medical things such as metronomes, balance boards, balls, and other devices in the personalized therapy program.
Strabismus vision therapy is also known as orthoptics, vision training, visual training, visual therapy, or simply VT. They are usually done by optometrists. There are also optometrists whose specializations are childrenâ€™s vision and vision development, and they are also called developmental optometrists, pediatric optometrists, or behavioral optometrists.
The science behind strabismus vision therapy can be explained in the concept of neuroplasticity. It refers to the ability of the human brain to modify its structure and function as a response to an external stimulus. The newest studies have found that these neurological modifications can also be achieved among adults and not just children. With these information in mind, strabismus vision therapy can help in treating conditions that are interrelated with vision function, visual perception, and vision development. Besides strabismus, the other vision problems that can be corrected with vision therapy are eye movement disorders, amblyopia, focusing disorders, vision problems resulting form developmental disabilities, vision problems resulting from acquired brain injury like stroke, and visual-perceptual disorders.