A Guide to the Treatment For Strabismus

 

The treatment for strabismus seeks to achieve three main aims. First is to retain proper eye vision, since it becomes impaired when the eyes are not able to focus on a single spot. The second aim of the treatment is for cosmetic reasons, since strabismus makes the eye turn involuntarily which is not exactly a sight to look at. The third aim of treatment of strabismus is to preserve the binocular vision, or the simultaneous use of both eyes, as the condition can cause double vision among those who have it. The treatment for strabismus are dependent on the form of condition.

The first option for treatment of strabismus is the non-invasive procedures. This entails the use of corrective eye patches as well as eyeglasses.

Eyeglasses can aid in treating strabismus as it makes the eye muscles of the patient develop. Meanwhile the eye patch covers the good eye, which as a result makes the lazy eye to work harder and become stronger, which will eventually fix itself in the process. However, this kind of treatment can only be effective on low-grade strabismus, or congenital strabismus.

 

One more choice for the treatment for strabismus is surgery that is complemented with orthoptics or vision therapy. The surgery involves cutting into the tissue covering of the eye so that the underlying eye muscles can be accessed. The eye muscles are then fine tuned based on the direction of the turning of the eye. There are instances when both eyes have to be operated.

Following surgery, vision therapy or orthoptics is employed to complete the treatment. Although the eyes may look corrected after the operation, the patient still has to figure out how to use both eyes at the same time, so that the surgery isn’t just a cosmetic enhancement. Apart from the eye muscle strength, neurological control is also important to change the nervous system too, thus providing a lasting cure. Vision therapy typically involves the use of various optical devices like specialized computers, as well as therapeutic lenses, prisms, and filters.

 

A Guide To Strabismus Vision Therapy

Strabismus vision therapy is a treatment procedure that people with strabismus can take, most especially children with congenital strabismus. It is a program that uses visual activities that are particularly designed to fix vision problems and improve visual skills. The objective of strabismus vision therapy is not only to compensate for vision issues like the function of corrective glasses and lenses, but it also aims to train the who visual system, including the eyes and the brain, to fix itself. As such, strabismus vision therapy is sometimes prescribed to a patient before and after eye surgery to attain a more complete cure.

People affected with strabismus will have difficulties with their binocular vision as their misaligned eyes cause them to be not able to use them both concurrently.

There are instances when contact lenses, eyeglasses, and even surgery is unable to restore binocular vision and therefore this is where strabismus vision therapy can become some kind of last resort. Strabismus vision therapy utilizes a lot of devices in order to achieve its goal and some of them are computerized visual activities, non-computerized viewing instruments, filters, prisms, and lenses. It may also use other non-medical things such as metronomes, balance boards, balls, and other devices in the personalized therapy program.

Strabismus vision therapy is also known as orthoptics, vision training, visual training, visual therapy, or simply VT. They are usually done by optometrists. There are also optometrists whose specializations are children’s vision and vision development, and they are also called developmental optometrists, pediatric optometrists, or behavioral optometrists.

The science behind strabismus vision therapy can be explained in the concept of neuroplasticity. It refers to the ability of the human brain to modify its structure and function as a response to an external stimulus. The newest studies have found that these neurological modifications can also be achieved among adults and not just children. With these information in mind, strabismus vision therapy can help in treating conditions that are interrelated with vision function, visual perception, and vision development. Besides strabismus, the other vision problems that can be corrected with vision therapy are eye movement disorders, amblyopia, focusing disorders, vision problems resulting form developmental disabilities, vision problems resulting from acquired brain injury like stroke, and visual-perceptual disorders.

A Guide To Strabismus Surgery in Adults

Strabismus surgery in adults is possibly the most realistic treatment option for individuals with adult strabismus since corrective lenses and eye patches lose their effectiveness with age. An adult may acquire strabismus if the condition was left untreated or treated unsuccessfully in childhood, or after having specific illness or injury. Apart from affecting the binocular vision of the person, strabismus in adults can also lead to double visions because the brain is unable to disregard the image from the one eye anymore. Here are some important things that you need to know about strabismus surgery in adults.

There are a few benefits of strabismus surgery in adults. Eye muscle surgery is more or less effective, safe, and most importantly, proven remedy for strabismus in adults for all ages. Even if you are too old, you can still take advantage of strabismus surgery and it would still work. One more benefit of strabismus surgery in adults is that it fixes uneven eyes thus improving your appearance, and bring back binocular vision which will enlarge your field of vision as well as recover a proper depth perception. This can greatly influence you self-confidence and how you interact with other people as well.

One more thing that you have to know about strabismus surgery in adults is that it is included in your health insurance. Strabismus is a valid medical condition that brings functional disability on people affected by it. Thus if you have a health insurance, you don’t have to be concerned about the payment for the treatment as it is already covered. Just make sure that you contact your insurance agency as well as the eye clinic where you want to have your eye surgery before undergoing the procedure to straighten out the details first.

Last but not the least, the procedure of strabismus surgery in adults is carried out under anesthesia so it is painless, and you can also opt to have it done while you are awake. The procedure takes only one day and you’ll only be required to stay for a few hours in the hospital. You may return to your normal everyday activities after just some days of rest after the opertationn.

A Guide to Strabismus in Children

Genetics plays a key role in the development of strabismus and therefore there are a lot of cases of strabismus in children. That is why strabismus in children is a very significant health issue. Unfortunately a few people think that children will grow out of it eventually and do not do anything to help their children. The truth is strabismus in children can be cured as early as ten years old as long as the child wears corrective lenses and eye patches. Here are some practical information about strabismus in children that you may find helpful.

If you identified early signs of strabismus in children on your baby, it is best that you have your child have his or her first eye exam when he or she is already 9 months old.

This is the ideal age as during this the time, the binocular vision system is already working. This entails the eye muscle coordination, the ability to see 20/20, and the focusing ability. Hence it is the best time to have the eyes of your kid examined for such eye problems. Furthermore, the eye at this stage is very receptive to treatments. However, if your baby is not yet 9 months old but is already exhibiting extreme or constant eye turns, then do not hesitate to have his or her eye examined earlier.

A few examples of strabismus in children are infantile estropia and accommodative estropia. Infantile estropia refers to the consistent inward turning of the eyes which occurs before 6 months of age. In contrast, accommodative estropia is the condition characterized by the inward turning of the eyes that happens between the age of 6 months and 7 years old.

The remedy for strabismus in children is dependent on the case. One of the most usual treatment procedures that are employed is the prescribing of eyeglasses. It serves to remove the turning of the eyes as well as the optical difference between the two eyes. Another treatment method for strabismus in children is the use of eye patch. The eye patch serves to stimulate the lazy eye, and therefore preventing double vision.

A Guide About Surgery For Strabismus

Strabismus surgery is one of the treatment options that people afflicted with the condition can take. The operation is done on the extraocular muscles of the eyes to correct the unevenness. In surgery for strabismus, the eye muscles are adjusted to make them stronger, enhancing the patient’s vision and also the appearance of the eyes.

There are four kinds of surgery for strabismus procedures that can be done on the eye. The forst form is the loosening or the weakening procedures which includes recession, or moving the insertion of a muscle posteriorly towards its origin, tenectomy, tenomy, myectomy, and myotomy. The second type of procedure is the tightening or the strengthening procedures which involves tucking or the advancement of the eye muscle to a more forward position, and resection or the removing of a portion of the muscle and reattaching it to another part. One more type of procedure is the repositioning or transposition procedures. Lastly, there is also the adjustable suture surgery that allows for the shortening or lengthening of the extraocular muscle after the operation for a more accurate eye alignment.

The surgery for strabismus is a one day process only and the patient is required to stay in the hospital for only a few hours. Subsequent the surgery, it is typical for the eyes of the patient to be sore and red due to the spots of blood in the surgical area. The side effects will disappear in just two to three weeks and the patient can go back to his or her usual day-to-day activities in just a few days.

If your eye doctor advises that you have a surgery for strabismus, it is essential that you ask about to what extent will the operation make your eyes look better and work better. Remember that the two main functions of surgery for strabismus are to provide you cosmetic cure and binocular cure. There are even times when you might be required to undergo more than one surgery in order to fulfill these two functions, so remember to ask the expected number of surgeries. Additionally, do not forget that surgery for strabismus will not alter the brain which is in charge of controlling and directing the eye muscles and the eyes. In order to attain the best eye cision, you may have to add vision therapy to your treatment.

What Causes Strabismus?

To know what causes strabismus, it is essential to make a distinction between the various kinds of strabismus. Essentially the strabismus causes may be because of issues in the eye muscles power like paralysis or unequal pulling of muscles on one side of the eye, or because of a brain problem that hinders the coordination of the eyes.

First of all, it is currently unclear what causes strabismus among children. However, researchers think that it is hereditary because it is frequently seen to run among families. In other words, an individual with a family member that has it has an increased chance to have a child with strabismus.

Another major strabismus causes is that it could be a coping mechanism of the eye for another vision problem like farsightedness. Far sighted persons cannot properly perceive near objects and as a result, the eyes turn inwards.

Intermittent strabismus is a form of strabismus wherein the eye does not always turn, as it only turns because of specific stimulus like sickness or stress. The strabismus causes for this kind of condition is a vision issue called convergence insufficiency. A lot of people experience it and it can also cause double vision, blurred vision, headaches, and eyestrain.

On the other hand, adults can have strabismus due to eye or blood vessel damage. This could be due to medical conditions like muscle and nerve disorders, cataract, stroke, Graves’ disease, eye tumor, and blindness. Blindness often results to the gradual outward turning of the eye thus the strabismus. Diabetes can also cause strabismus among patients. It is because the disease limits the blood supply to the eye muscles, causing the eyes to squint.

Additionally, some neurological conditions can also become strabismus causes. Some of these conditions are Down’s syndrome, hydrocephalus, premature birth, brain tumors, and Cerebral Palsy. In addition, acquired or adult strabismus may also be a result of untreated or unsuccessfully treated childhood strabismus.

What is an Extended Wear Contact Lens

Extended wear contact lens are lenses that may be worn in an extended period of time unlike the daily wear contact lens. The Food and Drugs Administration approved these extended wear contact lenses, without removal for up to seven days.

There are new innovations in extended wear contact lens. Silicone hydrogel is a new type of soft contact lens material that permits more air to go to the cornea; the FDA approved this to be worn up to a month without removal. This type of lens is called the continuous wear”.

At first, many eye care practitioners frown on the use of extended wear contact lens because the incidence of eye infections are greater on those who wore them overnight. Extended wear contact lenses poses a hazard to the eyes because of the organisms might be lodged on the lenses. Micro organisms thrive in warm and moist environment and the cornea is the best place for them as oxygen does not penetrate the area well whenever a contact lens is worn. It may only start as pink eye but if it is left untreated it may lead to serious conditions like blindness.

Because of the growing popularity of the disposable contact lens, extended wear contact lens is making a comeback. The reason that people acquire eye infections is after they take off their extended lenses and despite cleaned with contact lens solution it was impossible to remove all the proteins and lipids and other deposits accumulated on the lens. Inflammation and infection is often caused by the bacteria that bred in the contact lenses every time an individual takes it off. To prevent infection from contaminants in the contact lenses, it is required to be thrown away right after removing.

The main causes of infections and discomfort can be attributed to improper cleaning and disinfecting but one also has to consider the lifestyle as well. Make sure to avoid exposure to smoke, wearing the contact lens when swimming because this may also leas to serious complications due to infections. You must ask an eye doctor whether an extended contact lens is appropriate for your needs.

Strabismus Basics: Is Strabismus Hereditary?

If your family has a known record of strabismus, then one of the thing that you may ask regarding your child may be this: is strabismus hereditary? You may have probably come across in your research that genetics could be a factor in the development of strabismus. It is a reason why some kids are born with strabismus. Strabismus is hereditary but there are still a lot of thing that you can do about it. If you are worried that your baby has strabismus, here are some tips that you should follow.

Strabismus is a very straightforward condition wherein you can easily determine if a person has it by just looking at his or her eyes. And since strabismus is hereditary, you can check the eyes of your newborn baby for early signs of squinting. In several instances, the infant may be displaying extreme or constant eye turning even though it has yet to reach its first birthday. When this occurs, you should immediately consult an eye specialist and have the eyes of your child examined so that you can get a professional diagnosis and know what the options for treatment are.

If you haven’t observed these early signs of strabismus in your infant, you must still be alert for it because it can develop on later. Again, strabismus is hereditary and if you have a known family history of it, then have the eyes of your child checked when he or she is already 9 months old. This is due to the fact that the binocular vision system should be already working at this point. Strabismus greatly affects the binocular vision of a human being thus it is during at this age that the eye doctor can specify a more exact diagnosis of the eye condition of the infant.

Furthermore, you can also tell if your child has strabismus if he or she is exhibiting specific behavior that is relevant eye vision problems. Some of the examples are bumping into things, sensitivity to light, tilting of the head when looking at an object, and closing of one eye in bright sunlight. The good news is that while strabismus is hereditary, it can be taken care of at an early age if identified and treated without delay.

Things You Need About Gas Permeable Contact Lens

Rigid gas permeable contacts (RGP) is another term for gas permeable contact lens. This type of contact lens is complementary to the soft contact lens. They were first introduced in the late 70s and the manufacturers then incorporate silicone as to the usual polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA). The eyes need a lot of oxygen flow to the cornea, that is why gas permeable contacts is apt than the polycarbon kind. On the other hand silicone is oxygen permeable, which will result to a greater comfort and eye health.

Gas permeable contact lens takes time to adjust to as compared to soft contact lens. The benefits however outweigh the consequences. What’s great about a gas permeable contact lens is that it retains its shape when a person blinks. It provides a more vivid vision over soft contact lens. A gas permeable contact lens is tougher than a soft contact lens because it only breaks when someone steps over it while the latter tears easily. Another benefit of gas permeable contact lens is they are made of materials that don’t contain water so proteins and lipids from the tears do not stick to the contact lens. Compared to soft contact lens, the odds of suffering from eye irritations when using a hard lens is lower. Another excellent benefit of using a gas permeable contact lens is that it permits oxygen to go through the cornea. They prevent serious eye complications like inflammation of the cornea.

Most people prefer using gas permeable contact lenses even if they have different problems. Astigmatism, presbyopia, and keratoconus are among those ailments. A person suffering from astigmatism might opt for this because it provides a desirable acuity. Those afflicted with presbyopia on the other hand prefer them for their numerous and multi-focal designs. Because this lenses prevent extreme visual distortion, people with keratoconus opt for them. Gas permeable contacts are also highly recommended for use in extremely dry conditions, since their primary user tend to blink less. Gas permeable contact lenses are also being utilized by people who use the computer often.

However, a gas permeable contact lens needs more effort for maintenance because they last longer than soft contact lens. Keep in mind that, you should consult a physician before deciding to buy contact lenses.

Strabismus 101: Strabismus in Babies

Strabismus in babies is a very probable situation since genetics can bring about this condition. If your family has a known record of having this condition, you must stay prepared for the worst and have your infant treated right away, which is recommended as the eyes are very amenable to treatment at this point. Here are a few things that are worth knowing when dealing with strabismus in babies.

The first thing that you must remember about strabismus in babies is that it is common among infants below three months old to have crossed or wandering eyes.

The reason is that the infant still doesn’t know how to utilize both of his or her eyes. It could also mean that the baby is just tired. Therefore there is no reason for you to panic if there are instances when you’ve observed the eyes of your baby squint. However, if the baby does it very frequently even after he or she is older than 3 months, then it is advisable that you consult with an eye specialist for your child immediately.

Strabismus in babies must be taken care of right away as it may bring about an eye condition known as amblyopia or lazy eye. Persons with strabismus are not capable of using both their eyes simultaneously. As a result, their brain could altogether ignore the image from one eye and lead to the lazy eye condition. This is not good as making use of only one eye considerably lessens the field of vision and hinder depth perception.

There area few approaches in treating strabismus in babies. The eye specialist may prescribe corrective eyeglasses to improve the vision. Lazy eye that is caused by strabismus can be remedied with a corrective eye patch. The patch hides the good eye which makes the lazy eye do all the work and hopefully it will correct itself in the process. If both of these approaches do not work, another treatment option would be eye surgery or a series of it. While the brain is responsible for the lack of coordination of the eyes, the surgery only involves the fixing of the eye muscles therefore there is still a possibility that it may not work.